Vision Therapy & Binocular Vision

Diagnosing and treatment for learning and reading disorders.

Vision Therapy, Binocular Vision


Vision, one of our most precious senses, is often taken for granted. Yet, for many, the world isn’t seen through a clear lens. Challenges arise, from misaligned eyes that struggle to work as a team to learning difficulties rooted in visual problems. Enter the realm of vision therapy and the intricate world of binocular vision.


At Rocky Mountain University Eye Institute, we pride ourselves on being at the forefront of vision care. Our team of dedicated eye care professionals understands the profound impact of optimal visual health on overall well-being. With a blend of cutting-edge technology, advanced research, and a patient-centered approach, we’re committed to diagnosing, treating, and guiding patients towards clearer, unified vision.

Dive deeper with us. Explore the wonders of vision and discover the transformative potential of tailored therapies.

Vision Therapy isn’t merely about correcting vision but enhancing the way our eyes and brain communicate. It’s a progressive program tailored to address visual dysfunctions, improve visual skills, and process visual information more effectively. From treating conditions like amblyopia and strabismus to enhancing reading and learning abilities, vision therapy provides a beacon of hope for many.

 Binocular Vision, the harmonious collaboration of both eyes to create a single, cohesive image, plays a pivotal role in how we perceive depth and experience the world around us. When this balance is disrupted, it doesn’t just affect our sight—it can impact our daily lives, academic achievements, and even our self-esteem.

Vision Therapy

 Who Is It For?

Children and adults with:

Reading Difficulties

  • This can be due to issues such as skipping lines, re-reading words, or misreading words.
  • Attention Problems: Difficulties maintaining attention on near tasks or being easily distracted.
  • Eye Movement Disorders: Inefficient eye tracking can make it hard to follow lines of text.
  • Visual Processing Disorders: Challenges with understanding and processing what they see.
  • Visual-Motor Integration Issues: Difficulties coordinating visual input with hand and body movements, which can affect handwriting and copying skills.



Initial Assessment

An in-depth evaluation will:

  • Identify specific visual issues related to reading and learning.
  • Measure eye teaming, focusing, and tracking abilities.
  • Conduct visual perceptual testing to gauge skills such as visual memory, spatial orientation, and visual-motor integration.


Personalized Treatment Plan

The therapy plan will target identified issues, with a special emphasis on exercises and activities that directly relate to reading and learning tasks.


In-Office Sessions
The sessions often combine traditional vision therapy exercises with tasks tailored for reading and learning:

  • Reading Tasks: These could involve following along with a text while wearing prism glasses to challenge and improve binocular skills.
  • Saccadic Training: This improves the rapid eye movements used when reading, helping the eyes move smoothly across a line of text.
  • Visual Perceptual Activities: Puzzles, pattern recognition tasks, and other games that boost visual processing.
  • Visual-Motor Integration Exercises: Tasks might include tracing or copying patterns, improving the connection between visual input and motor output.


At-Home Practice
Home activities are crucial. Just as with regular vision therapy, patients are encouraged to practice skills at home to solidify their learning and make faster progress. This might involve reading exercises, computer software tasks, or hand-eye coordination games.

Progress Monitoring
Regular check-ins will gauge the patient’s progression in their reading and learning-related visual skills. Adjustments to the therapy plan are made as needed.

Post-Therapy Assessment
After concluding the therapy sessions, another evaluation will be conducted. This will assess improvements and determine if the individual has reached their visual and learning goals.

Patient Experience:
Children and adults undergoing vision therapy for enhanced learning and reading skills often find the sessions engaging. They’re not just doing exercises; they’re playing games, reading, and engaging in activities that mirror real-life tasks. Over time, many patients (or their parents) report improved reading fluency, better comprehension, increased attention span, and a more positive attitude toward learning.

It’s essential to understand that while vision therapy can significantly benefit reading and learning, it isn’t a cure-all for every academic challenge. It’s one part of a holistic approach to addressing learning difficulties. If visual issues are identified and addressed early, it can pave the way for smoother learning experiences in the future.

Binocular Vision: Two Eyes, One Image

 What is Binocular Vision?

Binocular vision refers to the ability of our eyes to work together seamlessly to produce a single, clear image. When both eyes coordinate efficiently, they provide depth perception, and a broader field of view.

Problems with Binocular Vision
If the eyes aren’t aligned or don’t work together in harmony, binocular vision problems can arise. This leads to difficulties like double vision, depth perception issues, and eye strain.

Symptoms to Watch For
If you experience any of the following, it might be a sign of a binocular vision problem or another visual disorder:

  • Frequent headaches or migraines
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Eye fatigue, especially after reading or computer work
  • Difficulty concentrating or short attention span
  • Closing or covering one eye when reading or viewing distant objects
  • Tilting the head or squinting frequently
  • Difficulty with depth perception (judging distances)
  • Poor hand-eye coordination, especially in sports


What Does Treatment Look Like?
Vision therapy treatments are tailored to each patient’s unique needs. They might include:

  • Specialized exercises to strengthen eye muscles
  • Techniques to enhance eye coordination and focusing
  • Use of tools like prisms, filters, or computerized systems
  • Regular feedback and monitoring to ensure progress and adjust treatments


Take the Next Step
Don’t let visual challenges hold you back. If you or a loved one show any symptoms mentioned above, consider getting a comprehensive eye examination. Our team of dedicated eye care physicians is here to guide you toward clearer, more comfortable vision.

FAQ Vision Therapy and Binocular Vision

Vision therapy is a customized, non-invasive treatment program designed to improve and enhance visual skills and functions. It involves a series of supervised exercises aimed at retraining the eyes and brain to work together more effectively.

Binocular vision refers to the ability of both eyes to work together harmoniously to produce a single, clear, and three-dimensional image. This coordination allows us to perceive depth and judge distances accurately.

Individuals with various visual challenges can benefit from vision therapy. This includes those with amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (crossed or misaligned eyes), convergence insufficiency, focusing problems, and visual processing disorders, among others.

While many vision therapy patients are children, adults can also benefit from the treatment. Visual issues, if left unaddressed in childhood, often persist into adulthood and can be treated with vision therapy at any age.

The duration of vision therapy varies based on the individual’s needs and the specific visual disorder being treated. On average, treatment programs can last from a few months to over a year with regular sessions.

Symptoms might include double vision, eye strain, headaches, difficulty reading or concentrating, skipping lines while reading, tilting the head frequently, and challenges with depth perception.

Yes, certain learning or reading difficulties arise from visual problems. Issues like poor eye tracking, visual-motor integration challenges, and visual processing disorders can affect academic performance. Vision therapy can help address these underlying visual problems.

Coverage for vision therapy varies among insurance providers. It’s essential to check with your specific insurance company to understand the benefits and limitations related to vision therapy coverage.

While both involve exercises, vision therapy is a comprehensive, supervised program tailored to an individual’s specific needs. It doesn’t just strengthen eye muscles but aims to improve the visual system’s overall function, including eye-brain coordination.

While glasses can correct certain vision issues and surgery might be necessary for specific conditions, neither typically addresses the underlying visual processing or functional challenges that vision therapy targets. In some cases, a combination of glasses, surgery, and vision therapy might be recommended for optimal results.